Vessels, tanks, and pipelines that carry, store, or receive fluids are called
pressure vessels. A pressure vessel is defined as a container with a pressure
differential between inside and outside. The inside pressure is usually
higher than the outside, except for some isolated situations. The fluid inside
the vessel may undergo a change in state as in the case of steam boilers, or
may combine with other reagents as in the case of a chemical reactor.
Pressure vessels often have a combination of high pressures together with
high temperatures, and in some cases flammable fluids or highly radioactive
materials. Because of such hazards it is imperative that the design be
such that no leakage can occur. In addition these vessels have to be
designed carefully to cope with the operating temperature and pressure. It
should be borne in mind that the rupture of a pressure vessel has a potential
to cause extensive physical injury and property damage. Plant safety and
integrity are of fundamental concern in pressure vessel design and these of
course depend on the adequacy of design codes.
Welcome to Advanced Pressure Vessel. This manual is intended to complement the extensive help system. The chapters in this manual are presented in an order intended to help new users understand the program as quickly as possible
استاندارد و علائم جوشکاری
بر اساس DIN 1912,AWS A3.0
برای دانلود استاندارد و علائم جوشکاری را کلیک نمایید.
The field of stress analysis has gained its momentum from the widespread applications in
industry and technology and has now become an important part of materials science. Various
destructive as well as nondestructive methods have been developed for the determination of
stresses. The author of this book aimed at a comprehensive review of the nondestructive
techniques for strain measurement and stress evaluation. Experts of the respective fields were
.recruited to contribute to this book
to be useful to all piping engineers and designers involved in the design,
construction, and commissioning of oil, gas, and petrochemical facilities.
However, it is primarily aimed at the piping material engineer, the
individual responsible for the selection and the specifying of piping
.material for process facilities
hand book of Inspection of Coating and lining